Hold the tape a little loose, gently pull it through the legs from your crotch, between your legs and up to the same level as your natural waist. Measure yourself in front of a mirror to make sure the tape is positioned correctly. Calculate your body fat or BMI.
If that is not an option, you can measure a garment that fits you the way you want, and use these measurements as a guide.
Most crochet and knitting pattern instructions will provide general sizing information, such as the chest or bust measurements of a completed garment. Many patterns also include detailed schematics or line drawings.
See more about Schematics p. Following are several sizing charts. For individual body differences, changes can be made in body and sleeve lengths when appropriate. However, consideration must be given to the project pattern. Certain sizing changes may alter the appearance of a garment. Do not draw the tape too tightly.
Center Back Neck—to-Wrist- With arm straight, measure from back base of neck, across shoulder, and along arm to wrist. Back Waist Length- Measure from the most prominent bone at base of neck to the natural waistline. Upper Arm- Measure around the widest section of the upper arm located above the elbow. Armhole Depth- Measure from the top outside edge of the shoulder down to the armpit.
Use an online calculator -- like the one provided by Cornell University -- to get your BMI, or calculate it yourself using your weight in pounds and height in inches:. A woman who weighs pounds and is 5 feet, 60 inches tall, for example, could calculate her BMI like this:.
So, her BMI is The BMI guidelines are the same for women and men. You can also use physical measurements to determine whether you're at a healthy size or if you need to lose weight to improve your health.
Start by measuring your waist size; a waist larger than 35 inches indicates a higher risk of obesity-related disease, since it means you're likely carrying too much belly fat. Excess belly fat causes chronic inflammation, and it contributes to cardiovascular disease and other weight-related illnesses, even if you're at a healthy weight.
Your waist-to-hip ratio also provides some insight into your health. Calculate your ratio by dividing your waist circumference, in inches, by your hip circumference, in inches. While there's no standard for a "healthy" waist-to-hip ratio for women, a ratio above 0. While BMI and waist and hip measurements indirectly estimate your body fat levels to assess your disease risk, body fat tests conducted by a professional directly measure how much body fat you carry. Skin-fold measurements, X-ray-based body imaging and underwater weighing techniques let you know whether you're at a healthy body fat level, or if you should focus on fat loss to lower your disease risk.
Women need more body fat than men for fertility and childbearing, but it's still possible for women to carry too much body fat. Your ideal body fat levels depend on your age.
Women between the ages of 18 and 39 should aim for a body fat percentage of 21 to 32 percent. That ideal body fat level increases to 23 to 33 percent for women aged 40 to 59, and to 24 to 35 percent for women between the ages of 60 and If you're currently carrying too much fat, diet and exercise interventions can help you lose about 1 percent of your body fat each month, according to the American Council on Exercise.
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Body measurements can be a useful way to track your progress. Many times you'll see a loss of inches even if the scale isn't moving. To ensure accuracy, measure in exactly the same place and under the same conditions each time. May 24, · Different measurements will need to be either circumference measurements (the measurement around something) or length measurements (the measurement between two straight points). Which is necessary should be obvious but all will be indicated in the instructions below%(13). This body shape describes a person who typically has waist measurements that are less than 9 inches smaller than the hip or bust measurements. Pear, spoon, or bell (triangle upwards) This body shape describes a person who has hip measurements greater than their bust measurements.